Spiral Galaxies Confirm Creationism

The stars were always an interest in my youth, learning about their range in color indicating their surface temperature for instance, the coolest stars are red while the hottest stars are orange. The temps in various stars range from anywhere 3,000 to 40,000 Kelvins.

Stars also have different brightness to them. The way scientists can determine how bright a star is, is by color and size of the star. Blue stars shine brighter than cooler red stars which are of the same size while giant stars shine more brightly than little dwarf stars.spiralgalaxyThe common elements which stars of made of are, hydrogen and helium gas. When you combine all the mass from these elements, it creates a gravitational field much stronger than earth’s which prevents the gas from dispersing out into space. Astronomers who embrace evolution, believe that stars randomly form from a collapsed nebula.

A nebula is an enormous “cloud” of extremely low-density hydrogen and helium gas. Gravity is required to keep the gas from escaping so compression is required but compression causes other problems. If a gas cloud were to compress, it would cause increased pressure, increase its magnetic field, and its rotation speed which would resist more compression! In other words, these factors would halt anymore compression, thus no gravity to keep the gas from escaping into space.

galaxyC

Spiral Galaxies like our Milky Way are a collection of many hundreds of billions of stars which rotate. Since it’s not a solid object, stars rotate at different rates within the spiral galaxy. The stars at the edge revolve more slowly than they do at the center of the galaxy. The spiral arms get tighter with each rotation. What this means is, a spiral galaxy is twisting itself up. How does this relate to confirming creationism? Since these galaxies are wrapping themselves up, if they were many millions or even billions of years old, these galaxies would have wrapped themselves all up beyond recognition but being thousands of years old they continue to display majestic beauty that we can all enjoy and observe!

BX442

In the beginning of this year, a spiral galaxy known as BX442 dubbed as the ‘grand design spiral galaxy’ was discovered. by a team of astronomers from the University of Toronto and UCLA using the Hubble Space Telescope. Secular astronomers place the time frame 10.7 billion years ago. This discovery falsifies the big bang theory! How?

In the Big Bang theory, galaxies in the early universe were not well defined. In the first  several billion years of so-called stellar evolution, most galaxies were supposed to be in their infant stages of growth which are suppose to look irregular and unorganized. The last thing one expect to find in the early part of the universe is a highly advanced design of a spiral galaxy! So not only do spiral galaxies confirm the universe is thousands of years old rather than billions of years old, it also does not agree with the popular big bang theory on how they appear at various stages in the universe!

Calling Into Question: Stellar Evolution Models

Since the early 1900s, astrophysicists have been trying to determine what makes the universe tick from beginning to end. They have come up with a story about how collapsing clouds of gas and dust produce stars that burn nuclear fuel until it runs out. The process of stars dying out varies because of their mass, such as red dwarfs that cool down slowly while supernovae and red giants push their mass outward into space.

So it is assumed that planets could not be too close to these stars during its evolution but one of the more recent discoveries has called into question this particular assumption being made.  Science Daily writes…

“University of Toulouse and University of Montreal researchers have detected two planets of sizes comparable to Earth orbiting around an old star that has just passed the red giant stage. This planetary system is located near Lyra and Cygnus constellations at a distance of 3900 light years.”

Theorists have their hands full with this falsified observation of a previous expectation.  Various speculation on how this could have happened has created more problems than solutions.  One of the speculations to come out is the planets are cores of gas giant planets which lost their gaseous envelopes. This suggests that planets can affect evolution of their parent star.  Now if they are survivors of star evolution in its ending stage, then they would have endured conditions that astronomers believed would have vaporized any planet!

Another problem for theorists who believe in Stellar evolution models is migration…

“Alternative scenarios may also be considered. Another way to form single sdB stars is through the merger of two helium white dwarfs, and planet formation following this event may be possible. We could speculate that the collapse of the extended envelope resulting from this merger could produce a circumstellar disk, where second generation planets may form. However, it seems unlikely that new, sufficiently dense, planets could have formed within a rather short period of time (less than ~18 Myr) in an environment that close to this hot star.”

These alternative scenarios lack more observations in order for one to make a reasonable inference from rather than creating a story out of it, but it does sound better than the actual hard data itself.

Most astronomers use what they call; “state-of-the-art stellar evolution models to determine the ages.”  Phys.org writes…

“New research by astrophysicists from the University of Rochester focused on stars in the north part of the constellation, known as Upper Scorpius, which is a part of the Scorpius-Centaurus OB association, one of our best studied groups of young stars and a benchmark sample for investigating the early lives of stars and the evolution of their planet-spawning disks. The Upper Scorpius stellar group lies roughly 470 light years from Earth.”

“While those stars have been thought to be just five million years old, the team concludes that those stars are actually more than twice as old, at 11 million years of age. The findings are surprising given Upper Scorpius’s status as one of the best-studied samples of young stars in the sky.”

One of the most best-studied stars is more than twice the age? Ok, a mistake happened with the models but this is not the first time nor the last that Stellar evolution models have been wrong. In fact, these models have been on a pace of more than 200 percent in revisions which calls into question the usefulness of these models.

Even though researchers from the University of Rochester believe their estimates concerning the stars age are based on better measurements of distance and mass, their ‘theory’ still drives the conclusions about how old the stars really are. There is a push for astronomers to reassess their assumptions about the ages of other clusters as well.

While it is difficult to go out into the unknown and be enormously successful with expectations and predictions, because surprises will happen as a result, but there is a difference between scientific exploration and explanation.  Discovering phenomena holds amazing promise with future discoveries.  It’s certainly part of science and non-confrontational. But one has to be beware of scientists who hype the discovery up (for like funding reasons or a belief), claiming he knows it all or on the verge of knowing exactly what the discovery entails.