Cells Designed To Use Important Physical Mechanisms

It’s an amazing thing that cells are designed to use physics or otherwise we would not be able to exist. Two papers (here and here) were published in PNAS not long ago. Harland, Bradley, and Parthasaranthy studied the forces working in cell membranes. Lipid bilayers provide the structural framework which gives the cell membranes movement. It was previously believed that simple Newtonian fluids were able to keep them intact.

But researchers have found evidence to the contrary…“we find that membranes are not simply viscous but rather exhibit viscoelasticity…” which is a type of deformation which exhibits the mechanical characteristics of viscous flow and elastic deformation. The membrane is stretchy and it requires something to pull it apart. “The fluidity of membranes is crucial to functions such as the assembly of proteins into signaling complexes and the controlled presentation of macromolecules at cell surfaces…”

In other words, we could not live without membranes that are designed on how to take advantage of viscoelastic properties. Last September, UC Davis studied quantum mechanics – the Complex I macromolecular complex which was recently discovered machinery that resembles intelligently man-made in having a railroad-like piston and coupling-rod mechanism. The piston creates a proton gradient which then drives the ATP synthesis. It requires energy from food and stores it as chemical energy in ATP molecules for energetic activities in the cell. From humans to one-cell animals like bacteria, this is a vital important process for the existence of life!

Hayashi and Stuchebrukhov discovered that Complex I takes advantage of electron tunneling – a phenomenon in quantum mechanics…

“The whole electronic wiring of complex I is obtained by combining tunneling pathways of individual processes, as shown in Fig. 3.  It is clear that specific peptide residues serve as electronic wires connecting neighboring Fe/S clusters; individual electron tunneling paths involve up to three protein residues, including two cysteine ligands and one additional key residue (Table 1).  Notably, the clusters in the protein are oriented in a specific way—corner to corner—with Cys [cysteine, an amino acid] ligands mostly pointing toward each other, which is clearly the most efficient way to transfer electrons from one cluster to another.”

Did scientists drag into this incredible discovery the evolutionary story to remind us that this came from a non-thinking process?  Well, they did decide to show it could not happen by observing what happened with mutants when they tested them and then came out with this conclusion…

“The key residues identified in this study as mediators of electron transfer (Table 1) are remarkably conserved among different organisms.”

These cells are designed with precision of these machines.  The efficiency of electron transfer in Complex I , for example, it depends on precisely-placed amino acids and water molecules down a fairly long chain. The fact is these amino acids are unevolved which means altering them would cause major problems including causing death. Creationists and evolutionists recognize mutations as a process that occurs but genetic drift and stabilizing selection are level or downhill processes.

Stephen Hawking’s New Book Falls Into Anti-Realism

The Grand Design sounds more like a creationist or ID book rather than a consequence of the law of gravity. With this new book, Hawking decided to abandoned his hope in mankind’s ability to come up with a “theory of everything” as promised in A Brief History of Time. Three decades ago, he stated there was a fifty per cent chance of completing a “theory of everything” by 2000 but to no avail. His prediction wasn’t based on a possible acceptance of a creator, rather he used “God” as a metaphor because the vast majority of the population are theists.

The Grand Design has caught the attention of the mainstream media where it’s been hyped up and even my local newspaper picked up the story from the Associated Press. In one of the reviews about his new book, New Scientist says…

M-theory in either sense is far from complete. But that doesn’t stop the authors from asserting that it explains the mysteries of existence: why there is something rather than nothing, why this set of laws and not another, and why we exist at all. According to Hawking, enough is known about M-theory to see that God is not needed to answer these questions. Instead, string theory points to the existence of a multiverse, and this multiverse coupled with anthropic reasoning will suffice. Personally, I am doubtful.”

Take life. We are lucky to be alive. Imagine all the ways physics might have precluded life: gravity could have been stronger, electrons could have been as big as basketballs and so on. Does this intuitive “luck” warrant the postulation of God? No. Does it warrant the postulation of an infinity of universes? The authors and many others think so. In the absence of theory, though, this is nothing more than a hunch doomed – until we start watching universes come into being – to remain untested and untestable. The lesson isn’t that we face a dilemma between God and the multiverse, but that we shouldn’t go off the rails at the first sign of coincidences.”

This review is refreshing and more realistic than other publications that I have seen. The Grand Design falls into anti-realism where there are multiple independent views of reality which are considered possible, each one model-dependent without providing an example of reality. A theory for everything could also fit into anti-realism as well. This is what I call storytelling or science fiction!

Hawkings looks even more lost as he tries to explain away God being the creator. The problem with something being created out of nothing defies the laws of physics. So he did what Darwinian evolution does, you start out with something and go from there. Hawkings claims there was pre-existing gravity and a multi-universe instead of nothing and this is his vain imagination is why he argues against God being the Creator. Where did the laws of nature come from? Where did gravity come from? To suggest pre-existing material for natural evolving purposes that is eternal would be going against the law of entropy!

Updated September 17, 2010: From the Wallstreet Journal

Krauss, a cosmologist, is director of the Origins Project at Arizona State University writes…

“It appears that the dominant energy in our universe doesn’t reside in normal matter, or even mysterious dark matter. Rather, it is located in a much more mysterious form of energy in empty space. Figuring out why empty space has energy is perhaps the biggest mystery in physics and cosmology today.”

“The existence of this energy, called dark energy, has another consequence: It changes the picture so that knowing the geometry of the universe is no longer enough to determine its future. While this may be a disappointment, the existence of dark energy and a flat universe has profound implications for those of us who suspected the universe might arise from nothing.”

“Why? Because if you add up the total energy of a flat universe, the result is precisely zero…Think about it: If our universe arose spontaneously from nothing at all, one might predict that its total energy should be zero.”

There is no way that secular scientists or other people in general would believe that thunderstorms are created out of nothing with zero energy popping out of empty spaces, nor mountains, nor the grass that grows on our lawns! Stephen Hawking and Krauss alike are fools professing himself to be wise as they sink deeper into anti-realism of absurdity which defies natural laws which they profess to believe in while also denying the ever growing evidence for a Universe created by God which we as Christians rejoice in!

Physicists Suggest Dark Matter Is An Illusion

Dark matter has never been observed, nor detected other than measuring gravity but even that is a bit of a stretch. It is presumed to exist in 73 percent of the total mass energy in the entire universe.  Scientists have also presumed the proposal of dark matter was the source for increasing the expansion of the Universe.

The concept has caused some discomfort among scientists because this alleged energy virtually makes up the entire universe, but they don’t have any solid data to back it up. It was however, hyped up by the media and in the scientific community with numerous details of this unseen phenomena created by such sources as computer simulations and some measurements of gravity.

Generally, the hype I believe was trying to convince the public it was using government grant money wisely and to promote more funding for the research which wasn’t producing any solid evidence for dark matter’s existence. As the old saying goes, when an old gap is filled, new gaps are created, the cycle is endless.”

In a shocking revelation by some physicists…

“Dark energy is at the heart of one of the greatest mysteries of modern physics, but it may be nothing more than an illusion” Science Daily

No doubt, there might be a shift in the hypothesis to other proposals as physicists at Oxford University continue with more testing of the Copernican principle. This principle is full of assumptions as well, but since evolution is based on such things as chaos with no purpose in mind, it’s likely to be around a long time and go unchallenged by evolutionists.

As creationists we know and believe the Universe has purpose and there is more evidence for that than ever before which I hope to highlight in future posts. Will there be another proposal to take the place of “dark matter” since it’s considered an illusion? Most likely in the coming years, “yes.” But in the meantime…

“Scientists who have pursued dark matter, hunted for undiscovered planets and advanced nanotechnology were being touted Monday as candidates for the 2008 Nobel Prize in physics.”  AP

Even though, physicists for research of dark matter has lost to spontaneous broken symmetry, as the story just broke after this post was written, there is still some fame left and possible prize in the research to find the invisible dark matter…