There has been a buzz within the cosmology community about finding a structure which blows away a record with previously known discoveries! One headline describes the structure as being 4 billion light years across which makes it 40,000 times larger than the Milky Way! National Geographic says it is the biggest thing ever discovered in the universe!
So what is this remarkable phenomena which is causing such a buzz? Scientists found it using data that came from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey! The structure of course is a Large Quasar Group (LQG) consisting of 73 quasars that spans about 1.6 billion light-years in most directions while the widest point being 4 billion light years across. What is even more interesting, according to secular cosmology, it shouldn’t be there!
“Talk about a whopper—astronomers have discovered a structure in the universe so large that modern cosmological theory says it should not exist, a new study says.”
The latest observational data that violates a widely accepted assumption is known as the “cosmological principle” which holds to the belief that the universe is essentially homogeneous when viewed at a sufficiently large-scale.
In science daily…
“Dr Clowes said: “While it is difficult to fathom the scale of this LQG, we can say quite definitely it is the largest structure ever seen in the entire universe. This is hugely exciting — not least because it runs counter to our current understanding of the scale of the universe.”
Dr Clowes also confessed, “It could mean that our mathematical description of the universe has been oversimplified—and that would represent a serious difficulty and a serious increase in complexity.”
Assumptions on how things supposedly evolved always creates a challenge over time, as things become more mysterious within the framework rather than clarify! The challenge for them now is keeping the “cosmological principle” intact so they can try to solve other problems with it as National Geographic speculates not that anyone observed it happening but it fits the principle…
“The massive structure could possibly shed light on the evolution of galaxies like our own Milky Way. Quasars, which pump out powerful jets of energy, are among the brightest and most energetic objects from when the universe was still young. They represent an early, but brief, stage in the evolution of most galaxies.”
The Lumpiness Problem is not a recent falsification, in fact it goes way back to 1982, when astronomers discovered quasars grouped together in clumps or ‘structures’ of surprisingly large sizes! Nine years later, Geller and Huchra discovered “The Great Wall” of galaxies! But this recent discovery is so huge by far exceeds the limit of the theory that scientists have to admit that the big bang theory is unable to deal with it! Also, a controversial stream of galaxies all moving in the same direction, called the “dark flow,” also flies in the face of theory.
As technology has gotten better there has been a trend of discovering larger and larger structures in the universe! This has created a challenge for modern cosmology from getting a smooth universe in the beginning to a structured one later on. In 1982, it became hard to imagine the universe going from a smooth spacetime, and a cloud of expanding gas, to dense clusters of dense matter in long chains of quasars! Since that time, new data has made it even more difficult to imagine!
So has the big bang theory been falsified, yes! Is it time now to move on to a better framework namely, design? Let the evidence speak for itself rather than trying to force it into a theory that has been falsified quite a number of times over the years and now scientists are challenged to rescue its demise!