More Lumpiness Discovered In The Universe

There has been a buzz within the cosmology community about finding a structure which blows away a record with previously known discoveries! One headline describes the structure as being 4 billion light years across which makes it 40,000 times larger than the Milky Way! National Geographic says it is the biggest thing ever discovered in the universe!

So what is this remarkable phenomena which is causing such a buzz? Scientists found it using data that came from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey! The structure of course is a Large Quasar Group (LQG) consisting of 73 quasars that spans about 1.6 billion light-years in most directions while the widest point being 4 billion light years across.  What is even more interesting, according to secular cosmology, it shouldn’t be there!

“Talk about a whopper—astronomers have discovered a structure in the universe so large that modern cosmological theory says it should not exist, a new study says.”

The latest observational data that violates a widely accepted assumption is known as the “cosmological principle”  which holds to the belief that the universe is essentially homogeneous when viewed at a sufficiently large-scale.

In science daily

“Dr Clowes said: “While it is difficult to fathom the scale of this LQG, we can say quite definitely it is the largest structure ever seen in the entire universe. This is hugely exciting — not least because it runs counter to our current understanding of the scale of the universe.”

Dr Clowes also confessed, “It could mean that our mathematical description of the universe has been oversimplified—and that would represent a serious difficulty and a serious increase in complexity.”  

Assumptions on how things supposedly evolved always creates a challenge over time, as things become more mysterious within the framework rather than clarify! The challenge for them now is keeping the  “cosmological principle” intact so they can try to solve other problems with it as National Geographic speculates not that anyone observed it happening but it fits the principle…

“The massive structure could possibly shed light on the evolution of galaxies like our own Milky Way. Quasars, which pump out powerful jets of energy, are among the brightest and most energetic objects from when the universe was still young. They represent an early, but brief, stage in the evolution of most galaxies.”

The Lumpiness Problem is not a recent falsification, in fact it goes way back to 1982, when astronomers discovered quasars grouped together in clumps or ‘structures’ of surprisingly large sizes! Nine years later, Geller and Huchra discovered “The Great Wall” of galaxies! But this recent discovery is so huge by far exceeds the limit of the theory that scientists have to admit that the big bang theory is unable to deal with it! Also, a controversial stream of galaxies all moving in the same direction, called the “dark flow,” also flies in the face of theory.

As technology has gotten better there has been a trend of discovering larger and larger structures in the universe! This has created a challenge for modern cosmology from getting a smooth universe in the beginning to a structured one later on. In 1982, it became hard to imagine the universe going from a smooth spacetime, and a cloud of expanding gas, to dense clusters of dense matter in long chains of quasars! Since that time, new data has made it even more difficult to imagine!

So has the big bang theory been falsified, yes! Is it time now to move on to a better framework namely, design? Let the evidence speak for itself rather than trying to force it into a theory that has been falsified quite a number of times over the years and now scientists are challenged to rescue its demise!

New Observational Data Falsifies Dark Matter

The big bang theory has caused many problems with its predictions concerning research in cosmology one of which is the invention of dark matter.  This is because some scientists are on the wrong path on what makes the universe function.  In the 90’s it was discovered that the universe is rapidly expanding, which falsifies the idea of a prediction that the universe is supposed to be slowing down.  Why would the theory require the universe to go slower?  A rapidly expanding universe as we observe it today would not allow accretion to occur which is another problem concerning the Nebular hypothesis.

You see, experiments and known observational facts of trying to get little amounts of dust to join and then form balls have never been found to be obtainable.  Another problem with that is, the process is required to work fast, otherwise the planet will be dragged into the star in short order.  And that is not all, these little dust particles lack the gravitational potential to grow on their own so it’s up to other mechanisms in the mist of all the chaos like turbulence, wind, heating, cooling, colliding and electrical activity tending to disrupt them.  While the presence of boulder-sized objects are inferred and is able to be observed, one could also look at those objects as leftover debris from the disruption of existing planets which is most likely what happened.

Now getting back to the new study which seriously damages the idea of dark matter. Science Daily reports…

“The most accurate study so far of the motions of stars in the Milky Way has found no evidence for dark matter in a large volume around the Sun. According to widely accepted theories, the solar neighbourhood was expected to be filled with dark matter, a mysterious invisible substance that can only be detected indirectly by the gravitational force it exerts. But a new study by a team of astronomers in Chile has found that these theories just do not fit the observational facts. This may mean that attempts to directly detect dark matter particles on Earth are unlikely to be successful.”

Dark matter is getting harder to detect which isn’t a good sign for those who are trying to detect this man-made story to fill in the gap of another falsified prediction.  Future studies could suggest the same thing. But because of the importance of using dark matter to explain another problem in the big bang theory there remains some sort hope in…

“…existing models of how galaxies form and rotate suggest that the Milky Way is surrounded by a halo of dark matter. They are not able to precisely predict what shape this halo takes, but they do expect to find significant amounts in the region around the Sun. But only very unlikely shapes for the dark matter halo — such as a highly elongated form — can explain the lack of dark matter uncovered in the new study.”

Science is supposed to explain things with reference to natural law and make predictions. Unlike changing natural laws to fit the theory. Yea, it can be falsifiable but it also is supposed to have observational support, rather than increased complexity which is nothing more than reinventing a theory every time new data throws a monkey wrench into the old theory!

Models Are Not Meeting Expectations In The Universe

What I find interesting at times, is scientists claiming so much knowledge of what’s out there in space. Long held assumptions continue to be undermined with new discoveries. The origin of galaxies is one of the latest. The story goes something like this, the universe formed itself or was assisted by another universe. Over an enormous period of time we should be able to observe certain things namely thousands of tiny satellite galaxies around the outskirts of the  Milky Way.  But what is has been observe is only about 25 of these tiny satellite galaxies.

New Scientist states:

“We see only about 1 per cent of the predicted number of satellite galaxies,” says Pavel Kroupa of the University of Bonn in Germany. “It is the cleanest case in which we can see there is something badly wrong with our standard picture of the origin of galaxies.”

“They reported that most of those galaxies orbit the Milky Way in an unexpected manner and that, taken together, their results are at odds with mainstream cosmology. There is “only one way” to explain the results, says Kroupa: “Gravity has to be stronger than predicted by Newton.”

Can a basic scientific law such as gravity be questioned? The answer of course is a resounding; “yes.”  The problem with origins isn’t with gravity rather it’s with the perception of those trying to studying the Universe in light of naturalism. We are already observing a conflict between those who believe in dark matter and those who want to revise Newton’s gravity law because they say with many studies over the years, there is just not enough visible matter to hold everything together.

Seems like tiny satellite galaxies are not the only things which has been miscounted these days but counts from the Galaxy Evolution Explorer has been putting a big dent into the notion of 500 stars to every giant. The new data is showing that ratio has been about 400 percent off it’s mark. It reveals 2,000 small stars to every one gaint. NASA is suggesting a recount!

“What this paper is showing is that some of the standard assumptions that we’ve had – that the brightest stars tell you about the whole population of stars – this doesn’t seem to work, at least not in a constant way,” said Gerhardt R. Meurer, principal investigator on the study and a research scientist at Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Md.”

“Astronomers have long known that many stars are too dim to be seen in the glare of their brighter, more massive counterparts. Though the smaller, lighter stars outnumber the big ones, they are harder to see. Going back to a grocery story analogy, the melons grab your eyes, even though the total weight of the blueberries may be more.”

Now that’s a goofy analogy by Gerhardt Meurer.  It’s difficult for the layperson to make a judgement on cosmologists’ assertion that dark matter represents 95% of reality or how galaxies supposedly evolved from mergers of mini-galaxies.  Some assume because they are knowledgeable, they always know what they are talking about. But a layperson needs a skeptic eye, these scientists are fallible men who make mistakes.