Classification is very important in evolution for explaining new discoveries which do not match up with its explanation as we shall see in a moment. Darwin’s original tree diagram described “divergent evolution,” which starts with speciation first then followed by variations that make the two branches more and more dissimilar over time. “Homologous” traits, are found on animals on the same branch according to Darwinian evolution because it comes from the same common ancestor.
But what happens when two animals that are discovered on different branches which have “homologous” traits that comes from a different common ancestor? What could be the cause of this falsification of divergent evolution? Many evolutionists would respond, those similar traits are coming from “convergent evolution.”
So here we see a classification scheme within the framework of evolution using circular reasoning. If the traits are homologous, that is evidence for evolution, if they are not similar, that is also considered evidence for evolution. There have been some recent discoveries being published that use this classification scheme of “convergent evolution.”
Natures News claims that muscles have two origins…
“Jellyfish move using a set of muscles that look remarkably similar to striated muscles in vertebrates. However, new data show that the two muscle types contain different molecules, implying that they evolved independently.”
Increasing complexity to the situation is the fact that comb jellies, on a different branch, also have striated muscles, while most other invertebrates do not! Then the claims escalate to new heights…
“These results suggest that, despite their remarkable physical resemblance, the striated muscles of jellyfish and humans are constructed using a vastly different set of genes. Steinmetz and colleagues have revealed an extraordinary instance of convergent evolution — the evolution of highly similar traits in distantly related organisms.“
It gets better, after having a problem trying to get subgenera on the same branch PLoS ONE discovered “convergent evolution” in twelve subgenera of Appalachian crayfish because of their similarities. Confounding the work of taxonomists who try to figure out what is related to what and what is not related, the paper makes an astonishing claim that “convergent evolution” is all over the place!
When you discover similarities between, invertebrate animals, plants and vertebrate animals, the evolutionist has a real conundrum going on. Because all three unrelated groups show similar signaling pathways in their innate immune systems!
In Nature Immunology (which should be a free publication open to all since the taxpayers pay for this research)…
“It is commonly reported that these similarities in innate immunity represent a process of divergent evolution from an ancient unicellular eukaryote that pre-dated the divergence of the plant and animal kingdoms. However, at present, data suggest that the seemingly analogous regulatory modules used in plant and animal innate immunity are a consequence of convergent evolution and reflect inherent constraints on how an innate immune system can be constructed.”
Look at how Ausubel invented an explanatory device to come up with an explanation on why traits on vastly unrelated organisms end up being similar, “nature imposes constraints on how systems can be constructed.” So if an elephant wants to walk, according to Ausubel, nature will have it grow some legs. What is wrong with that picture? A constraint can no more evolve a trait than a keyboard having the ability to create your computer. An “engineering specification” can no more cause a system to emerge than water creating a boat.
Basically, evolutionists are now trying to force a mindless process with no foresight, that would cause organisms into the engineering department! The reason why organisms have such an incredible ability to adapt is because it’s “designed” into the organism by a Creator (namely God) who has advanced knowledge about engineering. Yet we see evolutionists point to new discoveries where their faith requires them to believe that very complex traits evolved two, three, or more than a dozen times independently! “Convergent evolution” is a classification scheme used only when “Divergent Evolution” gets falsified! Reclassifying things doesn’t verify a theory, nor explain how nature functions!
In a book, “The Biotic Message” by Walter ReMine, talkes about the universal genetic code in all living things (which is an observable fact), where this same code is used to create complex organisms in hierarchies with similarities across hierarchies and within hierarchies! That my friend is evidence for a Creator!