The Cassini spacecraft continues provide a great deal of amazing observations coming from Saturn and it’s moons. One moon in particular had been photographed at it’s closest range to date. The location of the moon known as Daphnis, orbits in the “Keeler Gap” within Saturn’s rings creating scallops and gouges as it touches them.
For the first time ever, observations represent embedded objects in a dust disk have been tracked. Some scientists are desperately hoping that material can “accrete” into larger objects like moons and these same principles might apply to the creation of planets from dust disks around stars.
Space.com points out…
“The rings of Saturn might have given birth to the giant planet’s odd, small moons, scientists now reveal. These unusual moons, some of which resemble flying saucers, might have clumped together from the bits of ice and dust that make up Saturn’s majestic bands. The large moons that orbit the giant planets are thought to have finished forming roughly about when their hosts did, some 4.5 billion years ago.”
“However, calculations of the orbits of five small moons of Saturn that gather just within and beyond the periphery of the planet’s main bright rings revealed they are far too young for this to have been the case. These must be less than 10 million years old — for instance, they have bright, nearly pure ice surfaces largely unmarred by the impacts expected from meteoroids.”
The Nebular hypothesis which was proposed in 1755 by the German philosopher Immanuel Kant and then modified in 1796 by Pierre Laplace has been falsified by recent discoveries in the modern era. The Accretion theory says that “the formation and evolution of the Solar System is estimated to have begun 4.55 to 4.56 billion years ago with the gravitational collapse of a small part of a giant molecular cloud.” It also has been falsified with recent observations and experiments.
“Over the past two hundred years, a standard model emerged to explain how solar systems form. Using our own solar system as a guide, the model explains the existence of a central star (our Sun), an inner system of rocky, “terrestrial” planets, and an outer system of “gas giant” planets, all orbiting in nearly the same plane of rotation as the central star.”
“Recent discoveries of planetary systems around other stars have challenged this model. These exoplanet discoveries have included gas giant planets in close orbit around their stars, some of which are in radically different planes of rotation from their primary stars.” -Astrobiology Magazine
Quite a challenge to fit the data into a supposedly evolved solar system based on the Nebular hypothesis. Complexity due to a pattern of falsifications in a hypothesis or theory renders it useless. Inventing different schemes such as giving it a name, “migration” which makes life less probable around other stars in explaining how a gas giant could form beyond the ice line and then move inward toward the star. But is this interpretation a reliable conclusion?
What is useful science are the discoveries in which we can learn from space exploration or any other areas in science. On the other hand, things like solar system formation by accretion has no observational evidence whatsoever! Labs in the modern era have shown particles bouncing off one another or break into smaller pieces not forming into larger or even more complex particles. This confirmed James Clerk Maxwell who showed in 1859, based on his model of Saturn’s rings, that larger particles cannot coagulate from revolving small particles!
There is no evidence of a nebula collapse, of stars forming, or of planetary systems forming under the explanation of the hypothesis. The only reason why this hypothesis still exists after 200 years is because scientists keep trying to avoid the empirical evidence that indicates natural law has not been shown to be capable of providing! Rather, they put false hope into a particular model by inventing new elements in order to keep the hypothesis or theory alive.
The creationist model is based on the Bible and The Second Law of Thermodynamics…
“Generally all systems will lean toward the most probable state possible, and then over time become totally random and disorganized. Albert Einstein stated this law particular law would be impossible to eliminate. We observe this in the natural world today!”
There is observational evidence for disruption, destruction, and dissolution, Christians believe the state of nature is going down not up (since the fall of Adam) and certainly there is no accretion of small objects evolving into into bigger ones as some claim that ring particles can grow into moons.