Sequenced and analyzed, the genome of Ectocarpus siliculosus fits evolution like a mountain fitting into a shoe (like everyone knows Volvox have always been Volvox). A ‘theory’ that is supposedly vital to predictions within the genome and how understands it but actual observations say otherwise…
“Analysis of the Ectocarpus genome failed to detect homologues of many of the enzymes that are known, from other organisms, to have roles in alginate biosynthesis and in the remodelling of alginates, fucans and cellulose, indicating that brown algae have independently evolved enzymes to carry out many of these processes.”
“For example there are several additional membrane-localized proteins of interest, including three integrin related proteins. Integrins have an important role in cell adhesion in animals but integrin genes are absent from all the previously sequenced stramenopile genomes. The Ectocarpus genome also encodes a large number of ion channels, compared to other stramenopile genomes…”
Close to ten thousand ORFans are contained in the Brown Algae which evolutionary ‘theory’ had assumed did not exist and has a huge difference between it’s cousins. As a result, this complicates even more the story of the evolutionary model. Instead of claiming that it arose once and features were then finely tuned, now they have to claim that things arose several times each one independently of the another producing unlikely molecular machines, which then in turn enabled their model to be successful on paper but not in reality.
“Animal tyrosine and green plant serine/threonine receptor kinases form two separate monophyletic clades, indicating that these two families evolved independently, and in both lineages the emergence of receptor kinases is thought to have been a key event in the evolution of multicellularity. The Ectocarpus receptor kinases also form a monophyletic clade, discrete from those of animal and green plant receptor kinases, indicating that the brown algal family also evolved independently.”
What they are trying to say is, stuff happens! Evolution just happened to create a major new innovation because it’s there. Engineering doesn’t come from a mindless mechanism because it’s there rather engineering comes from intelligence, namely, God.