One wonders how did a religious paper get into PNAS? We have been told countless times that creationism and intelligent design are untestable, right? The communist publication which has banned proponents of creationism and ID known as PNAS accepts John’s Avise’s paper because it’s against the intelligent design theory.
The paper starts off like this…
“Intelligent design (ID)—the latest incarnation of religious creationism—posits that complex biological features did not accrue gradually via natural evolutionary forces but, instead, were crafted ex nihilo by a cognitive agent. Yet, many complex biological traits are gratuitously complicated, function poorly, and debilitate their bearers. Furthermore, such dysfunctional traits abound not only in the phenotypes but inside the genomes of eukaryotic species.”
Liberals like John Avise attacks intelligent design by going at it as though it were creationism but there are distinct differences between the two. Although, ID has some good points with agreeable with creationism but over all Christians should not embrace it over creationism. It is summarized in this way…
“Intelligent design is a scientific theory which has its roots in information theory and observations about intelligent action. Intelligent design theory makes inferences based upon observations about the types of complexity that can be produced by the action of intelligent agents vs. the types of information that can be produced through purely natural processes to infer that life was designed by an intelligence or multiple intelligences.”
“It makes no statements about the identity of the intelligent designer(s), but merely says that intelligent action was involved at some points with the origins of various aspects of biological life.”
Take note, the modern ID movement advocates “intelligent agent or agents” as the cause but goes no further in it’s explanation of origins. Now back to what John Avise was saying in his religious paper, he draws our attention to mutations which is important in evolutionary theory for creating information and attempts to turn it around to demonstrate the genome is a bad design.
“Both a Creator God and natural selection are powerful shaping forces that might be expected to have engineered beautiful functionality and efficiency into complex biological features, such as the human genome. The much greater challenge – for proponents of ID and for scientists alike – is to explain complex biological traits that operate inefficiently or even malfunction overtly.”
While it’s true there has been observations of large amount of mutations that have caused diseases or impairment but this doesn’t mean such things as the genome is design poorly. More detail on this issue comes from a recent paper from Dr. Jerry Bergman P.H.D who works in the biology department in Northwest State stated this in his paper which was published in the Creation Research Society Quarterly, volume 46 Spring of 2010 starting on page 284…
“Pleiotropy is the effect resulting from an interconnected genetic system in which a single gene influences many different biological systems in a positive or negative ways. Pleiotropy occurs because of multiple phenotypic effects usually arise from each expressed gene. The adverse effects of pleiotropy on the effectiveness of natural selection is reviewed in this paper. It is concluded that pleiotropy creates a major problem for evolutionary theory because the accumulation of mutations even beneficial mutations often times has unintended negative effects.”
Dr. Jerry Bergman is not an intelligent design proponent, he is a creationist in his paper he demonstrates that mutations are not favorable to a non-design theory (evolution) but rather evidence against it.
Here is where John Avise gets very religious in his paper…
“Why an intelligent and loving designer would have infused the human genome with so many potential (and often realized) regulatory flaws is open to theological debate. [. . .] From an evolutionary perspective, such genomic flaws are easier to explain…No longer must we anguish about the interventionist motives of a supreme intelligence that permits gross evil and suffering in the world. No longer need we be tempted to blaspheme an omnipotent Deity by charging Him directly responsible for human frailties and physical shortcomings.”
John intensifies his belief in the theology of evolution and then uses it for attacking creationism and intelligent design when it comes to interpretation of the data. He holds to a false doctrine in regards to God’s responsibility for the state of the world. It used to be a popular concept for those guilty of evil doings among liberal theists, “the devil made me do it” now it’s evolution making us do it and then according to John Avise, we are supposed to feel more comfortable with evolution being the cause of evil. Again, this is his own religious philosophy. It’s a myth when it comes to evil being forced upon people to perform, however it is man’s responsibility for evil in the world.
And lastly, the human genome was deemed as what? Way more complicated than expected, for it was admitted, “the more we know, the more we realize how much more there is to know.” This is something John Avise’s religious philosophy on evolution overlooks on purpose. You see, there is much to learn about the genome which has an extremely advanced design beyond our wildest imaginations. As time goes by, John Avise religious paper becomes more and more falsified and outdated!