Mary Shelley wrote a novel when she was 19 years of age which was first published in 1818. The story is very well known, how a scientist was able to create life from non-life in a lab using electricity. The story is highly similar in some ways to evolution concerning the origin of life.
In an experiment conducted in the 1950’s known as the Miller/Urey Experiment, molecules were collected in which scientists believed represented the major components of the early Earth’s atmosphere and zap them with electrical current trying to simulate a thunderstorm. In a week, they were able to produce a small amount of amino acids.
The yield of glycine was just a mere 1.05% and alanine only 0.75%. Miller stated the results were small compared to the energy used. Twenty amino acids are required for life and they only could produce less than half, while the rest require conditions under a much more complex synthesis. Without twenty amino acids in a set, proteins cannot be produced with specified complexity concerning left and right handed amino acids. Proteins need left handed amino acids while carbohydrates and polymers need right-handed amino acids. If they get mixed up, not only are they useless but deadly as well.
Armen Mulkidjanian (University of Osnabrueck) and Michael Galperin (U.S. National Institutes of Health) said the Miller experiment is doomed! Normally this is said by evolutionary scientists when they have an alternative hypothesis of their own. In AstroBiology magazine it states…
“The scientists suggest that life on Earth originated at photosynthetically-active porous structures, similar to deep-sea hydrothermal vents, made of zinc sulfide (more commonly known as phosphor). They argue that under the high pressure of a carbon-dioxide-dominated atmosphere, zinc sulfide structures could form on the surface of the first continents, where they had access to sunlight. Unlike many existing theories that suggest UV radiation was a hindrance to the development of life, Mulkidjanian and Galperin think it actually helped.”
“The problem of the origin of life is such that you have to answer a set of different questions to explain how life has originated,” says lead author Mulkidjanian. “We just provide answers to the problem of energetics of the origin of life.”
This hypothesis known as the “zinc theory” didn’t produce any prebiotic molecules under plausible primordial conditions. NASA astrobiologist Max Bernstein stated; “Whether it will be adopted or not eventually I cannot say, but I expect that many will want to see experimental evidence of the viability of reactions consistent with the hypothesized scheme under prebiotic conditions.”
‘Prebiotic’ chemistry became not just another Frankenstein novel, but other things as well like Carl Sagan who believed the Miller experiment was so important that it convinced scientists that life could exist on other planets. Now reality sets in and this experiment was falsified which is why others like Astrobiologists like to throw stuff out there without having to deal with the burden of proof set upon them otherwise this story in which they are telling would have never made it into a major publication. The Frankenstein hypothesis doesn’t need revision, it needs to be thrown out!