Mutations And Information: Evolution’s Most Important Stance

Mutations guided by national selection have become one of the most if not thee most important aspect in evolution. Growing up, I was taught that evolutionary adaptation was the result of experience. National Geographic had programs on advocating the experience of one animal would produce an advantage or certain new features over many generations.

As science grew, it became apparent that the hypothesis was falsified. There is no link between one’s experience and their reproductive cells. No wire link, no strand, no signals of communication between the two whatsoever.

So evolutionary scientists altered the hypothesis, focusing in on mutation with natural selection rather than natural selection on it’s own…It’s basically their last stand on how things could have evolved biologically. There is no other explanation in the belief of naturalism which can be found.

In the years of scientific research we see that mutations produces three changes in genes or chromosomes. And they listed below…

1) an alteration of DNA letter sequence in the genes

2) gross changes in chromosomes (inversion, translocation)

3) a change in the number of chromosomes (polyploidy, haploidy).

But whatever the cause, the result is a change in genetic information…Now in order for mutations to be successful in observing evolution (directly or indirect) the following needs to happen.

1) Millions of specific purposeful changes which are dramatic enough for the species to change into another.

2) Increased information

We know that most (not all) small changes caused by mutations results in harmful effects which results in disease and even death as also pointed out by this known evolutionist…

“A proportion of favorable mutations of one in a thousand does not sound much, but is probably generous, since so many mutations are lethal, preventing the organism from living at all, and the great majority of the rest throw the machinery slightly out of gear.”

—Julian Huxley, Evolution in Action, p. 41.

This brings me to the next point, mutations happen on a rare basis. There has been much debate over the math aspect, which entails many assumptions. It’s been estimated that mutations are created in one in ten thousand and one in a million per gene per generation. It’s lower in the smaller organisms. Evolution requires millions of changes in order for it to be successful, yet it’s a very rare event.

Now mutations need to specify their work in order to make changes which leads to other species. Random chaos, wouldn’t accomplish such a feat. Just creating numerous mutations which function with no purpose but instead just be chaotic in the body would lack the ability to have a profound effect leading to change. Even the smallest animal is complex which would require specified changes.

And lastly, since mutations are “copied information” it doesn’t create any increase of information from scratch and a progression of a new enhanced features. It may change certain features but what advantage it does create is only limited in a certain area. In cases like digesting milk where it has been observed loosing it’s advantage in the adulthood stages rather than maintaining or enhancing it’s function.

The vital importance of mutations and information is evolution’s last stand, there is no other. It’s not on solid ground and lacks scientific evidence (not explanations) in order to be successful. In other words, evolution’s last stand has fallen.

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4 thoughts on “Mutations And Information: Evolution’s Most Important Stance

  1. “We know that most (not all) small changes caused by mutations results in harmful effects which results in disease and even death as also pointed out by this known evolutionist…”

    This is actually incorrect. Every single human being on this planet has (as a result of copying errors) about 150 genes that they do not share with either their mother or father. In other words, mutations. Closer to the truth is that the effects of the vast majority of mutations are completely unfelt. Occasionally, a mutation is deleterious, as is the case in Hodgkin’s Disease. Other times it is a benefit to survival, even if it might not seem as such, as in the case of Sickle Cell Disease. And still others, it is a boon to survival

    “This brings me to the next point, mutations happen on a rare basis. There has been much debate over the math aspect, which entails many assumptions. It’s been estimated that mutations are created in one in ten thousand and one in a million per gene per generation. It’s lower in the smaller organisms.”

    Incorrect. Bacteria have essentially the same copying and error correction mechanisms as we do. As for your estimate of mutation rate (which you do not cite), you are way off. See above. And these are point mutations. There are a number of other types of mutations such as frame shift and deletion mutations.

    “And lastly, since mutations are “copied information” it doesn’t create any increase of information from scratch and a progression of a new enhanced features.” There is no need to create new ‘information’ from scratch. One of the most important mechanisms for increasing genomic information is gene copying with mutation. It is how the genes encoding the various proteins used in building the bacterium flagellum came to be. It is why humans and chimpanzees share an inactivated NANOG gene with Alu retroelements interspersed within it in exactly the same positions.

    “In other words, evolution’s last stand has fallen.” Then explain why almost every biologist on the planet accepts evolution as the best and (let’s be honest) only theory explaining a huge amount of data from widely varied sources including (but not limited to) paleontology, comparative anatomy, molecular biology, development and embryology.

  2. Wow…

    That’s just incorrect from the top down. Mutations are not guided by natural selection. They just happen and then natural selection picks winners and losers at random. Mutations are also not lethal 99% of the time. Any quotes to the contrary are grossly erroneous.

    http://www.biologyreference.com/Mo-Nu/Mutation.html

    Mutations happen during every strand replication and at the same rate for all organisms and they’re not “copied information” but instead, altered information.

    If evolution is a sham, it’s only a sham to those who choose to ignore the actual science.

  3. 1) an alteration of DNA letter sequence in the genes

    Was listed if you read the post correctly. that’s the same as saying “altered information” because there is a copy error which occurs not because it created new information, or increased information.

    It’s a sham when people have such bias…

  4. Yes, we’re the biased ones… It has nothing to do with you writing this:

    “And lastly, since mutations are “copied information” it doesn’t create any increase of information from scratch and a progression of a new enhanced features.”

    which is perhaps the most scientifically flawed thing in your entire post. I mean there are so many things wrong with just this one sentence. First of all, if you can stop moving the goalposts and define what in your personal assumption is a mutation that’s be great. Secondly, some DNA mutations can lead in additional genes to be added onto a genome during the fertilization process (something you don’t even try to mention and a major driver of mutations). Thirdly, the idea of “enhanced features” was fine in the 1800s. There’s no such thing as an “enhanced feature.” There are only different features and if they help and organism survive, that’s terrific. If not, the organisms with the features that don’t help them will eventually die out because they can’t survive long enough to pass on their genes.

    So maybe we’re not biased but you just don’t know or understand the science if you manage to pack in three disastrous mistakes in a single sentence?

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