Neanderthal Man Defies Prevailing Paradigm

When one believes in the gradual upward slope from ape to man, one requires transitions to accommodate evolution but often times it falls off the cliff. The imaginary story of a brute named Neanderthal man who was said to be no so smart, often times down right stupid with no language other than grunts but examining his tools, and the way he lived showed otherwise. The story also said that Neanderthal man did not have any off spring with modern humans which would make them the same species, but DNA showed otherwise.

More breaking news from this week about Neanderthal man, they found feathers in his living arrangement and it was not there by accident rather it was there by intelligent design!

The BBC reports…

“The authors say the result provides yet more evidence that Neanderthal thinking ability was similar to our own. The analysis even suggests they had a preference for dark feathers, which they selected from birds of prey and corvids – such as ravens and rooks.”  

“Numerous tribal peoples from history have also adorned themselves with feathers, and the authors stress that they are not suggesting we learned the practice from Neanderthals. Feather ornamentation could in fact go back even further, to a common ancestor of modern humans and Neanderthals.”

The prevailing paradigm suggested based on the lack of cave paintings, beads and figurines at Neanderthal sites, that they had no appreciation for art. Paleoanthropologists make lousy CSI agents who use physical evidence to solve crimes.

Over 1650 Neanderthal sites were investigated by Finlayson’s team (see PLoS One) and discovered numerous bird bones from which the Neanderthals apparently extracted feathers for decoration! This falsifies the notion from the prevailing paradigm that Neanderthals were too dumb to catch the birds.

“The large number of bones, the variety of species processed and the different temporal periods when the behaviour is observed, indicate that this was a systematic, geographically and temporally broad, activity that the Neanderthals undertook.”

Our results, providing clear evidence that Neanderthal cognitive capacities were comparable to those of Modern Humans, constitute a major advance in the study of human evolution.

Major advance? Sounds like a bluff. The prevailing paradigm has Neanderthal man going in the other direction so a retreat would be the better term. Finlayson views his research as only the beginning in discovering how  Neanderthal man lived which is most likely true considering the prevailing paradigm is not a presentation of reality.

It is showing that Neanderthals simply expressed themselves in media other than cave walls. The last bastion of defence in favour of our superiority was cognition,” he said; now, despite their differences, it must be acknowledged that “their processes of thinking were obviously very similar”

In other news along the line…What prevailing paradigm in the ‘theory’ of evolution would have assumed modern-looking spear points in coal dated 300,000 years old?

In a press release from the University of Tübingen…

“Since the middle of the 1990s is the Lower Palaeolithic excavation site in Schöningen (on the western terminal slope of an opencast lignite mine) at the centre of archaeologists attention. Dr. Hartmut Thieme (Niedersächsisches Landesamt für Denkmalpflege, Hannover) discovered eight surprisingly well preserved and approximately 300.000 year old spears, the oldest know hunting weapons in the world. This has led to intensive discussions about the abilities of our ancestors in middle Europe.”

“The spears and other artifacts as well as animal remains found at the site demonstrate that their users were highly skilled craftsmen and hunters, well adapted to their environment – with a capacity for abstract thought and complex planning comparable to our own. It is likely that they were members of the species homo heidelbergensis, although no human remains have yet been found at the site.”

Very interesting, also the press release did not explain how any of these artifacts could be so well preserved in the presence of water for 300,000 years. Can you explain it?

Denisovan Genome Disproves Human Evolution

In a Siberian cave, far from Europe, scientists discover a finger bone and two teeth. What were they? According to the story of human evolution, these people were a less-known group called the Denisovans.

Scientists who believed in human evolution were surprised not just by discovering another group of ancient humans, because with just meager fragments, 70 percent of the DNA still remained in what they considered to be 82,000 years old! What? Let me say that again, the DNA remained in what they considered to be 82,000 years old! Does soft tissue really last that long even at 30,000 years old? No! But if you believe in human evolution one has to suspend logic for a story.

In nature news a revised take on the story with new twists with the discovery in mind…

“Unfortunately, the Denisovan genome doesn’t provide many more clues about what this hominin looked like than a pinky bone does. The researchers will only conclude that Denisovans likely had dark skin. They also note that there are alleles “consistent” with those known to call for brown hair and brown eyes. Other than that, they cannot say.”

“Yet the new genetic analysis does support the hypothesis that Neandertals and Denisovans were more closely related to one another than either was to modern humans. The analysis suggests that the modern human line diverged from what would become the Denisovan line as long as 700,000 years ago—but possibly as recently as 170,000 years ago.”

How could have ancient humans who lived in a Siberian cave who were considered lower than Neanderthals interbreed with modern humans? Before the  sequencing of the genome took place it would have been considered, impossible! But in human evolution, falsifications are confirmations as shown below…

“Going back further in time will be exciting.  There’s a huge race on—it’s exciting” says John Hawkins.

Rather than admitting their evolutionary story had been wrong with real-time observations, it’s now a race to get to the finish line.  Not only that but it is implausible that this bone contained 70% of its original DNA after 82,000 years! Who would believe such preservation of soft tissue? It’s a stretch to say the least. It’s much more likely that this individual lived a few thousand years ago at most.

Who would believe that the Denisovan people who stayed isolated from the rest of the world, who never thought of making tools to build a town or even ride a horse for over a hundred thousand years but being able to travel vast distances to court with modern humans in Europe every now and then.  Talk about a bizarre story in human evolution!

While a new sequencing technique now available to researchers that can be used to discern a genome from one DNA strand rather than both is quite remarkable but trying to explain it in historical terms which is forced into a particular framework known as human evolution, is not remarkable, it’s not even science.

We live in an exciting time, since the earth is actually thousands of years old, we are able to learn more about the past rather than loosing valuable information which comes from DNA if the earth was older!

New Discovery Puts Neanderthal Man Myth To Rest

In creationism, variants within a kind is predicted in nature and when it comes to Neanderthal man, if confirms that very expectation. While some may hold to evolutionary theory as a “developing field. It will be different tomorrow” but with vast mounting evidence to the contrary, the perception in evolutionary circles to overturn what they had missed labeled as sub-human and developed a story that included very little intelligence and grunts for communication.

Prior to the latest discovery which will be addressed, these are the following evidences which demonstrate beyond a reasonable doubt that Neanderthal Man was human after all.

A) Research has shown that stone tool technologies invented by modern humans from the past were no more efficient than the ones produced by Neanderthal man.

B) Broad use of land resources with scheduling resource use by the seasons.

C) Neandertal’s genome showed modern humans and Neanderthals have very little differences. “…new research published online May 6 (2010) in the journal Science reveals that we differ hardly at all.”

D) Europeans and Asians share about 1% to 4% of their nuclear DNA with Neanderthals, indicating that there was substantial interbreeding that went on between modern man and Neanderthals.  This is very important evidence which blows away the story used within evolution because when a species can interbreed then they are the same species!

E) A research team back in 2008, had examined shells that were used as containers to mix and store pigments. Black sticks of the pigment manganese, which may have been used as body paint by Neanderthals, have previously been discovered in Africa. The discovery lead researchers to think that Neanderthal man is not “so-dimwitted” as previously suggested.

Then comes the latest discovery on how Neanderthal man lived…

“The world’s oldest works of art have been found in a cave on Spain’s Costa del Sol, scientists believe. Six paintings of seals are at least 42,000 years old and are the only known artistic images created by Neanderthal man, experts claim. Professor Jose Luis Sanchidrian, from the University of Cordoba, described the discovery as ‘an academic bombshell’, as all previous art work has been attributed to Homo sapiens.”

Are evolutionary scientists now ready to move on from the story concocted over the years with all this hard evidence to the contrary or are they still desperate in using Neanderthal man as a link to modern humans? Once they move on or if they move on, stories from media outlets like the Huffington Post will follow.

The more that is discovered about Neanderthal man, the harder it will be for them to hang on to a group of people who they thought were “so-dimwitted” who disappeared because of competition with modern human (when in fact there is little difference), although there is another proposal that climate change was responsible and one camp believes food went scarce while others believe Neanderthals didn’t have a modern human brain in order to survive the change in weather which is the old line of thinking in the story of evolution.

“The traditional story in textbooks doesn’t fit well with what we know about hunter-gatherers. For the most part, they don’t like to go far from home. It’s dangerous,” Barton said…Other than the fact that they disappeared, there is no evidence that Neanderthals were any less fit as hunter-gatherers of the late Pleistocene than any other human ancestor living at that time. It looks like they were as capable as anyone else,” Barton said.”

Their disappearance is based on much speculation and there is a good chance we may not know what exactly happened to them in the past, but one thing is for sure, there is no doubt that Neanderthals were human beings like the rest of us from intelligence to genome to tool technologies to behavior and now artistry which all confirms the creationist account that there are only variants within a kind which includes humans!

Data Suggests Variability Is Rapid

Imagine yourself among and being one of the Neanderthals.  Sitting in a cave with a perfect human brain for tens of thousands of years without having the ability to ride a horse or build a city but being able to make and use tools along with hunting and fishing.  And then say to yourself, “Gee, why wait any longer than tens of thousands of years, let’s ride and build.”  

There is considerable variability between tribes and nationalities, a question comes up…Does this require millions of years to accomplish? In a few recent studies over a course of a few months says  no! A human jawbone was studied in order to see what influenced its shape.

“why there is often a mismatch between the size of the lower face and the dentition, which, in turn, leads to increased prevalence of dental crowding and malocclusions in modern postindustrial populations.”

Here is something you could chew on, diet rather than evolution is the cause for the shape of the human jawbone. The jaws of hunters are bigger with more room for teeth, apparently this was due to the exercise of chewing rather than evolution. The article does in fact invokes evolution into the mix by suggesting soft foods triggered evolution. But here is an experiment for you. If you have kids, feed them large size meat for 18 years, and see if he or she stays free of wisdom tooth problems.

A tribe in Brazil known as Xavánte Indians who have a different structured head than neighboring tribes around them. What was the explanation for this among evolutionists? PNAS explained it by using culture as a triggering device for evolution. Live Science put it this way…

“Culture may trigger rapid evolution of various human features, suggests new research into the marital practices of a tribe from the Brazilian rainforest.”

The researchers were taking back a bit by their own conclusion, but a variant in features is not evolution, new information that creates new features like a new species from an unguided process is.  In another study which has been causing a headache for paleoanthropologists is their previously assumption on the human skull which they believed would evolve independently from others parts.

However, after further research, the skull they discovered was highly integrated rather than independent. So if change happened in one part then that change would affect everything else throughout the skull.

In phys.org

“The team tested whether certain parts of the skull – the face, the cranial base and the skull vault or brain case – changed independently, as anthropologists have always believed, or were in some way linked. The scientists simulated the shift of the foramen magnum (where the spinal cord enters the skull) associated with upright walking; the retraction of the face, thought to be linked to language development and perhaps chewing; and the expansion and rounding of the top of the skull, associated with brain expansion. They found that, rather than being separate evolutionary events, changes in one part of the brain would facilitate and even drive changes in the other parts.”

What is interesting from this study, the skulls were from the Middle Ages, variations they measured involved rapid, and recent changes!

There is still conflict among certain paleoanthropologists over Neanderthal Man because for years they always kept this ancient tribe separate from the rest of us but recent discoveries challenge that story outright. Charles Choi whose article is in live science would like to keep imagining that Neanderthal Man still remains different from us by claiming bigger brain structures separate us.

However, he did admit this…

“All in all, it remains unclear exactly how these brain differences might have set us apart from Neanderthals, Bastir cautioned. We only know how these skulls molded themselves around these brains, and not the precise structures of the brains in question.”

Phys.org follows up on Neanderthal Man by reporting about the discovery of one of their homes in the Ukraine, yes a home not a cave which included a frame made out of mammoth tusks. This indicates they had the ability to construct their own shelters rather than just sit in a cave for tens of thousands of years.

“Up till recently, most researchers studying Neanderthals had assumed they were simple wanderers, hiding out in caves when the weather got bad. Now however, the discovery of the underpinnings of a house built by a group of Neanderthals, some 44,000 years ago, turns that thinking on its head.”

“Instead of a clumsy, dim-witted people, it appears Neanderthals were more advanced than most had thought.”

The bed making in the Neanderthal house was in evolutionary time, 50,000 years earlier than what was previously assumed with bed making. Not only that, but evidence of herbal medicines, hearths, and maintenance work to keep them clean which are all indicators of  Neanderthals being “modern humans” who inhabited the site exercised intelligence, planning and foresight in their daily activities rather than just wondering around endlessly with lack of intelligence (being stupid) for 44,000 years.

This is designed variation within one human species, Neanderthal man wasn’t stupid nor wandering around endlessly before the light bulb lit and they didn’t differ from us because of the size of their brain, rather they were just like you and me and they behaved like us with the technology of their time.

They also interbred with modern humans and Denisovans which they are having a hard time explaining as it has been overturning a decade of invented beliefs about Neanderthal man. If members of these groups produced children, they are all the same species according to the biological definition of it, there is nothing that separates the species from one to another.

So if you take out all the conclusions based on evolutionary stories like the term, “emerged” and then throw out the old age assumptions, and then look at the remaining evidence and ask yourself whether it fits better into evolution or creation.

Evolutionary Anthropology Literature

When it comes to evolutionary anthropology nothing ever stands the test of time, one discovery after another ends up with conclusions that you were taught wrong in school, and revisions are required but these revisions are not necessarily revealing the light of understanding on the subject, rather it invokes more confusion within the evolutionary story.

Lee Berger  continues to create a sensational story about the Australopithecus sediba fossils. Does it really reveal evolution? Soft tissue was discovered from these fossils, which was a first and certainly not the last. They date the soft tissues a whopping two million years old!

It doesn’t stop there, hair was removed, as well as proteins and DNA being a possibly of being preserved, calling into question about our species. Even though past hype about how close we are to understanding human evolution had been falsified, this discovery keeps with up religiously with tradition of claiming we are on the verge of discovering exactly how the ancients evolved.

It gets better, in Israel a fossil known as, “Man The Fat Hunter” was published. The story tells us about overweight humans have starved to death when fat elephants became instinct.  How did does one come up with such a conclusion about the unobserved past? It’s elementary my dear Watson!  “We employ a bio-energetic model to present a hypothesis that the disappearance of the elephants…”  -PLoS 

There still remains a deep mystery that alludes evolutionary scientists which is a mechanism for the term “emergence.” Also there seems to be confusion about the evolutionary timeline, a new paper in Nature says 43,000 years for  modern humans but evolutionary dating for modern humans is 60,000 in South Africa according to Paul Mellars in the same paper.

What does that mean? Well Watson, let me put it this way. Ancient humans in Africa (Homo erectus) who were able to hunt elephants, cook, and make tools with the possibility of being able to sail were unable for some strange reason to find Europe for 17,000 years. Wait a minute! Sue O’Conner told us that humans sailed to Australia 50,000 years ago!

Also Avi Gopher told us slimmer ancients (humans) were cognitively-capable ancestors and were already in the Levant 400,000 years ago while telling us something factual about Neanderthals inter-breeding with modern humans.  Hollywood couldn’t have come up with this kind of story!  Such confusion! More includes fishing 35,000 years before agriculture. Isn’t planting food easier than trying to catch a fish?

When you take away the conclusions of evolutionary literature, it all makes sense, humans have always been what they are which includes variants and they haven’t been around that long.

Two million years is an illogical assumption that things like soft tissue should remain intact for that length of time. It also makes stories more sensational than Hollywood could ever make but it useless to what really happened in the past. The best eyewitness account comes from the Bible where it makes sense!

Evolutionary History In Its Latest Hype

After telling a story about how Neandertal Man could only communicate with grunts, and who was supposedly unable to make clothes to wear and supposedly had very low intelligence and was a different species than modern man, was found to be advance and intermarried with modern humans. DNA revealed, modern humans and Neandertals hardly differ at all, also modern humans and Neandertals differ from the chimps in virtually identical ways!

This is not all, another supposed precursor to modern humans with only primitive ability has been falsified. Homo Erectus was found to have advanced toolmaking abilities. Like Neandertals, Homo Erectus interbred with modern humans which means they are members of the same species. Another aspect complicates the whole evolutionary story about Homo Erectus. Only discovering the tools in Africa and finding none in Asia, suggesting that somehow the technology was lost while migrating. It’s a small problem compared to discovering interbreeding going on with modern humans at a massive scale. Like Neadertals, they are human like you and me.

With early evolutionary history taking such hits with recent discoveries, the media decided to hype another “missing link” or “transitional form” by saying this will rewrite our evolution with a better understanding. Really? More questions than answers has been a pattern in evolutionary research. Now we see, Australopithecus sediba is put into the lime light. Wait, hasn’t this been reported on before? Yep! Media outlets Live ScienceNational Geographic and Science Daily. In fact, Science Daily’s headlines went like this, “New Hominid Shares Traits With Homo Species: Fossil Find Sheds Light On the Transition to Homo Genus from Earlier Hominids.” 

With all this hype, there was much controversy between other experts and those who made the discovery. Scientists were at odds with each other on whether or not the bones were buried together, or fell through to other levels after burial. Also things like taxonomy where scientists disagree on whether it should be classified as Australopithecus or Homo. If classified a “Homo” there would be no impact on the story of human evolution.

So fast forward more than a year later. You have most scientists in this field not liking  the term “missing link,” preferring instead the terms “transition [sic] form” or “intermediary form,” because it implies more firmly that they are there but just haven’t been discovered yet. In reality, there is no difference.  All of a sudden this discovery is promised to answer numerous questions about human evolution. Again, it’s just hype. Actually it continues to raise more questions than answers. The size of the brain seems to be one of the major problems, you see, size is important in evolutionary history. Evolutionists expect to see brain sizes increasing, with toolmaking ability (no tools were found), and changes in hands and feet.

The confusion about the fossil rather than a clear-cut analysis only suggests reasons from those researchers, why they remain working in this field. “Berger says it’s not surprising that the fossil is a confusing mixture, pointing out that that is exactly what we would expect in a transitional fossil.” We know the hype in these publications is used to sell to readers, also to promote evolution, but many in the public do not accept the story. Like the other two, this latest hype will be another disappointment of early evolutionary human history but not for creationism, variants within a kind.

Denisovans, Neanderthals and Modern Humans

In the past three years as reported in this blog, Neanderthal research has falsified common myths that evolved over time about how they lived, and being subjective to racism, because they were deemed as the “poor relation of the human family” who didn’t have much intelligence, also debunking claims like Neanderthals and modern humans never interbred in order to boast they were a different species than modern humans.

1) PNAS in 2008: “From Vanguard and Gorham’s caves indicates that Neanderthals used unexpectedly modern and complex subsistence strategies”

Those strategies consisted of…

a) broad use of land resources

b) use of small scale resources

c) sea fishing and hunting

d) scheduling resource use by the seasons

The behavior of Neanderthals isn’t separate from modern humans, then what is? The once brutish looking caveman considered  dumb so modern humans could out compete with them (survival of the fittest) to extinction, now looks and acts more modern than ever. In 2008, it was discovered in Iberia that modern humans and ancient Neanderthals interbred. In 2010, the evidence grew stronger, Sixty percent of the Neanderthal’s genome was sequenced and here is what they had discovered…

Although we are both hominids, the fossil record told us long ago that we differ physically from Neandertals, in various ways. But at the level of genes and the proteins that they encode, new research published online May 6 in the journal Science reveals that we differ hardly at all.”

“It also indicates that we both — Neandertals and modern humans — differ from the chimps in virtually identical ways…In short, Hannon says, “the news, so far, is not about how we differ from Neandertals, but how we are so nearly identical, in terms of proteins.”

Neanderthals made news again, but this time there was no denial of interbreeding rather boasting about it that was once shunned by such outlets as PBS who had trouble letting go of the old tales of Neanderthals!

In science daily

“Sex with Neanderthals and another close relative — the recently discovered Denisovans — has endowed some human gene pools with beneficial versions of immune system genes, report researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine in an article to be published online by the journal Science at the Science Express website on Aug. 25.”

This article also had trouble letting go with certain old tales of Neanderthals being a different species. The bottom line is this, like the newly discovered Denisovans, Neanderthals were basically human like you or me! They hunted and they communicated and they also painted like other humans. They even built tools like other modern humans did! No, they didn’t live 650,000 years ago rather they were people who migrated after the global flood, like everyone else.

Neanderthals became a pretty tight tribe who separated themselves from others except on a few occasions. Inbreeding of tribes led to accentuated features. Physical characteristics or traits could have been caused by their diet custom or a harsh environment, age, or disease. In the Book of Genesis, it states a world of distinct reproductive groups varying within their kinds which is what we observe today and is what we observed with Neanderthals and will eventually see more of it with Denisovans!